garcia v san antonio

Citation 22 Ill.469 U.S. 528, 105 S. Ct. 1005, 83 L. Ed. While the Tenth Amendment provides states, or the people, reserved powers not delegated to the federal government by the Constitution or prohibited by it to the states, the courts have shifted in the interpretation of this amendment over time, sometimes moving toward a strict constructionist view and protecting states’ rights and at other times taking an expansive view of federal powers. Garcia v. San Antonio Metropolitan Transit Authority. Joe G. GARCIA, Appellant v. SAN ANTONIO METROPOLITAN TRANSIT AUTHORITY et al. The Appellant, Garcia (Appellant), brought suit against his employer the San Antonio Metropolitan Transit Authority (Appellee), arguing that its function as a transit authority was a “non-traditional” function of state government. The San Antonio Metropolitan Transit Authority (SAMTA), the main provider of transportation in the San Antonio metropolitan area, claimed it was exempt from the minimum-wage and overtime requirements of the Fair Labor Standards Act.

Nos. Procedural History. Issues.

Synopsis of Rule of Law. In a 5–4 vote in Garcia, the U.S. Supreme Court overruled its decision in National League of Cities v. Usery (1976), which had said that the individual states were not subject to wage and hour protections under the Fair Labor Standards Act as applied “in … Garcia and the Department of Labor appealed directly to the United States Supreme Court. Reargued October 1, 1984. Raymond J. DONOVAN, Secretary of Labor, Appellant v. SAN ANTONIO METROPOLITAN TRANSIT AUTHORITY et al. Should Nat'l League of Cities be overruled? 2d 1016, 27 WH Cases 65 (1985) Brief Fact Summary. As such, it found National League an unworkable standard and rejected this balancing approach of determining whether an issue being regulated by Congress affected an individual state’s traditional governmental functions. Rehearing Denied April 15, 1985. However, these shifting interpretations are usually incremental and historically disparate. In replacing the balancing approach, the Garcia Court determined that individual states were protected from inappropriate federal regulations against the states by their participation in the federal political process.

Thomas Anton, American Federalism and Public Policy (Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 1989); Mark R. Killenbeck, The Tenth Amendment and State Sovereignty: Constitutional History and Contemporary Issues (Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield, 2002); John Kincaid, “Constitutional Federalisms Labor’s Role in Displacing Places to Benefit Persons,” P.S.

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